Mohave County
May 2024
Volume 24 Issue 3


23-mile pavement project underway: State Route 95 from Courtwright Road to Bullhead Parkway

ARIZONA – The Arizona Department of Transportation is advising Mohave County-area drivers to prepare for overnight lane restrictions over the next year as a 23-mile pavement project has begun on State Route 95 between Courtwright Road and Bullhead Parkway (mileposts 227-250).
Construction will begin at Courtwright Road in Mohave Valley and progress north to Bullhead Parkway. Motorists should be prepared to slow down in the work zone and expect brief delays while the following restrictions are in place from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. Sunday evenings through Friday mornings:
SR 95 will be narrowed to one lane in each direction. Only a portion of the project area will have the restrictions in place, beginning at Courtwright Road. The restrictions will be ongoing until construction is completed in summer 2024.
The project elements include:
Removing the top layer of pavement and replacing it with new asphalt.
Replacing the curb and gutter, sidewalk ramps, pavement markings and other related work. 
This is the first of two paving projects starting on SR 95. The second pavement project will be between Sara Park and Interstate 40 (mileposts 176 to 202). ADOT will provide additional information on the second project as soon as construction information becomes available. For more information on the SR 95 Sara Park – Interstate 40 project, visit the ADOT web site.
ADOT will provide more information about project schedules and potential traffic impacts as information becomes available. Stay informed of traffic restrictions before they occur by subscribing to GovDelivery and receive notifications sent directly to your email. 
For real-time information about project-related restrictions and closures, please visit or call 511, except while driving
ADOT welcomes your questions and comments.

  • Online: Submit a question or comment through the ADOT website. Visit and then select Projects from the dropdown menu.
  • By phone: Community Relations Project Manager Michele Beggs at 928.566.5052. 
    Teléfono: Línea de Información del Proyecto ADOT: 855.712.8530.
  • By mail:  Write to ADOT Community Relations, 3660 E. Andy Devine Ave. Kingman, AZ 86401
    – Mackenzie Covert

How hot is too hot for the human body? Study offers new insights

WORLD –– Researchers conducted an experiment to investigate the upper limit of the thermoneutral zone of the human body, working with Prof. Lewis Halsey, University of Roehampton. Researchers investigated when the body starts exerting more energy to keep itself cool at high temperatures. They found that this upper-temperature limit lies between 104F and 122F when the human body stops functioning optimally. Further studies are needed to understand how this happens and offer insights as heat waves and unusually warm temperatures continue to impact regions across the globe.
The human body may lose the ability to rid of excessive heat and stop functioning optimally when outside temperatures reach beyond 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit), according to new research from the University of Roehampton in England. The thermoneutral zone is a range of temperatures in which the body doesn’t have to increase its metabolic rate or exert more energy to maintain its ideal core temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
Studies show that the zone’s lower limit is 82.4 F. Below this, the body expends more energy to maintain its ideal temperature. One of the keys ways it does this is by shivering — when key muscle groups involuntarily contract to produce heat. At higher temperatures, the body uses other mechanisms to cool down, such as sweating and vasodilation of blood vessels at the skin surface to increase heat loss.
However, while the thermoneutral zone’s lower range has been established, its upper limit is still uncertain. One study suggests that the upper limit may stand at around 89.6 F as this is when humans start to sweat. Another study, however, noted that the metabolic rate starts to increase at 104 F. Further research into the upper limit of the thermoneutral zone could inform policies on working conditions, sports, medication, and international travel.
As a follow-up study of a 2021 investigation, researchers at the University of Roehampton in England conducted a second set of experiments to investigate the upper limit of the thermoneutral zone. They found that the thermoneutral zone’s upper limit likely lies between 104 F and 122 F.
“The findings appear to shed more precise light upon the body’s responses to sustained heat and humidity, and upon both the nature and mechanisms of enhanced metabolic rate that also arise in response to such conditions,” said Dr. J. Wes Ulm, a bioinformatic scientific resource analyst, and biomedical data specialist at the National Institutes of Health, not involved in the study.
Researchers recently presented the new findings at the annual conference of Society for Experimental Biology in Edinburgh, Scotland.
How temperature and humidity affect the human body
For the study, the researchers recruited 13 healthy volunteers aged between 23 and 58 years old. Seven of the participants were female. Each participant was exposed to five temperature conditions for an hour while resting. The conditions included:
82.4 F and 50% relative air humidity (RAH)
104 F and 25% RAH
104 F and 50% RAH
122 F and 25% RAH
122 F and 50% RAH
Throughout each condition and at baseline, the researchers recorded several metrics, including:
core & skin temperatures
blood pressure
sweating rate
heart rate
breathing rate
volume of air inhaled & exhaled per minute
movement levels
Ultimately, the researchers found that participants’ metabolic rate increased by 35% when exposed to 104 F and 25% RAH, and by 48% at 104 F and 50% RAH. Although the 122 F and 25% RAH condition did not increase metabolic rate compared to 104 F and 25% RAH, metabolic rate was 56% higher than baseline in the 122 F and 50% RAH condition.
The increased metabolic rate at the 104 F and 25% RAH condition was not accompanied by an increase in core temperature. However, participants in the 122 F and 50% RAH condition experienced a rise in core temperature of 1.8 Farenheit. The researchers noted that these findings suggest that the body is able to dissipate heat at 104 F, but not at 122 F.
“The findings do seem likely to vary by […] humidity,” said Dr. Mark Guido, an endocrinologist with Novant Health Forsyth Endocrine Consultants in Winston Salem, North Carolina, not involved in the study. “In the study there was some evidence that resting metabolic rate was higher at higher humidities, even at the same temperature. It seems like humidity also plays a large role in the metabolic rate,” he added.
The researchers further noted that participants in the 122 F and 50% RAH condition sweated 74% more and experienced a 64% increase in heart rate compared to baseline. They further noted that compared to baseline, participants in the 122 F and 50% RAH group experienced increased myocardial workload, meaning their hearts required more oxygen to maintain optimal function. Moreover, their breathing rate also increased by 23%, and the amount of air they could inhale and exhale per minute increased by 78%.
The researchers noted that drinking water in each of the conditions did not cool the body.
How does climate affect metabolic rate and health?
Dr. John P. Higgins, Sports Cardiologist at McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), who was not involved in the study, postulated how living in different climates may affect metabolic rate and the thermoneutral zone.
“People living in warm climates tend to acclimatize and not increase their body temperature and in turn their metabolic rate as much. Likewise, people living in cool-freezing temperatures may get more of a response to heat exposure as they are not acclimatized to the heat as much,” Dr. Higgins noted.
Dr. Ulm stated: “The body, in general, will find ways to activate the various feedback loops needed to achieve homeostasis i.e., the painstaking regulation of physiological processes that allow for the complex biochemistry of organs and tissues to be carried out efficiently and properly.”
“Body temperature and metabolic rate are integral components of this delicate dance, and for those who are resident in hotter climates year-round, it may be more likely for such countervailing feedback loops to be active and functioning. It’s similar to the way permanent residents of high-altitude regions will acclimate with compensatory mechanisms, for example, in their red blood cell physiology and other aspects of oxygen-carrying capacity, both acutely – as through iron turnover rates – and chronically,” Dr, Ulm said.
What are the study limitations and takeaways?
Dr. Ulm spoke about the study’s limitations, “As always with such studies, there is the question of how representative the cohort sample of subjects is of both the general and specific populations being surveyed, in regard to the physiological characteristics and responses being measured.”
Dr. Guido noted: “It is hard to draw real world conclusions from a small laboratory study, but my main takeaway is that higher heat stress does seem to increase the resting metabolic rate by increasing how hard the body has to work to try to stay cool, particularly by causing a significant increase in the heart rate. If this holds true in real world conditions, it very well could lead to an uptick in cardiovascular disease by putting more strain on the heart,” he noted.
Dr. Higgins added: “Also, might it be beneficial for weight management to perform exercise in warmer temperatures indoors or outdoors to boost metabolic rate and thus burn more calories – further research needs to be done.”
– Annie Lennon

Cooling station open at Optimum Community Center 

BULLHEAD CITY – The City of Bullhead City has opened a cooling station at the Optimum Community Center to provide a place for members of the public to shelter from the heat during the Excessive Heat Warning issued by the National Weather Service for our area. The cooling station will be open Wednesday – Sunday this week from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. in addition to the community center’s regular hours of operation. The Optimum Community Center’s normal hours are Monday – Saturday from 8 a.m. – noon, Tuesdays from 5 – 10 p.m., Thursdays from 6 – 9 p.m., Fridays from 5 – 8 p.m., and weekends from 3 – 8 p.m. The Optimum Community Center is located at 2380 Optimum Way (formerly Suddenlink Way) in Bullhead City.
The Cooling Station has two indoor air-conditioned spaces available. There is a space for pet owners and their animals and a place for people. The cooling center also provides water, puzzles, and board games for attendees to be comfortable.
“We’re opening this cooling station out of an abundance of caution for our most vulnerable residents in the community,” said City Manager Toby Cotter. “Less than five people utilized the space when we opened it last weekend, which shows how prepared our residents are for Bullhead’s summer temperatures.”
Prolonged exposure to temperatures exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit can be fatal. Infants and children up to 4 years of age, people 65 years of age and older, people who are overweight, and people who are ill or on certain medications are at the most significant risk for heat-related illness.
“It’s important for people to be prepared, to know the warning signs of heat-related illness, and to have an emergency plan,” said Bullhead City Police Department Emergency Services Coordinator Lieutenant Andrew Sevillano. “Every household’s emergency plan will be unique to their situation but should include a list of contacts, evacuation routes, and response plans for various emergencies, including power outages or air conditioning failures.”
“The most significant risk we’ve seen to our locals occurs when the summer heat causes older air conditioning units to fail,” Cotter said. “Servicing an air conditioner can be an expensive emergency that some people cannot afford, which is why the City Council voted to give $100,000.00 to the River Fund in October 2021 to help local low-income families with emergency home repairs and weatherization, in addition to rent, mortgage, utility assistance, and more.”
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides helpful advice for spotting heat-related illnesses and navigating extreme heat events at
– Mackenzie Covert

Lack of sleep may cancel out cognitive benefits reaped from exercise

NATION –– Lack of sleep may reduce the cognitive benefits of physical activity, a study finds. Researchers in England looked at cognitive function over 10 years in 8,958 people aged 50 and older. The study found people who slept between 6 and 8 hours per night and engaged in higher levels of physical activity were linked with better cognitive function.
People who slept fewer than 6 hours a night, even if they engaged in higher levels of physical activity, experienced more rapid cognitive decline over ten years. However, among participants aged 70 and older, the benefits of higher levels of physical activity on cognitive function appeared to be maintained despite the number of hours slept.
Evidence from existing research suggests that physical activities are beneficial to brain health and may protect against the development of neurodegenerative conditions such as dementia and Parkinson’s disease. However, a new study found that sleep deprivation can reduce such benefits reaped from exercise.
Almost 10% of adults aged 65 and older in the United States have dementia, and another 22% have mild cognitive impairment, according to a 2022 nationally representative study of cognitive impairment prevalence.
Numerous studies have found exercise may reduce the risk of developing dementia. Still, more studies link a lack of sleep with increased dementia risk.
“Physical activity and sleep are factors that are thought to independently contribute to cognitive function, but they are also interrelated, where more physical activity is correlated with better quality sleep and physical activity may also regulate circadian rhythms,” Mikaela Bloomberg, Ph.D., a research fellow at the University College London Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care, explained to Medical News Today.
A team of UCL researchers, including Bloomberg, found little existing research that looked at the impact of physical activity and sleep on cognitive function. The studies they found were small and cross-sectional, which is a type of research where researchers collect data from participants at a single point in time.
“Because sleep disturbances can be an early symptom of neurocognitive diseases like dementia, which cause cognitive dysfunction, it is challenging to determine whether the results we observe in those previous studies are due to the effects of sleep on cognitive function or vice versa,” Dr. Bloomberg said. “With this in mind, we wanted to examine how combinations of physical activity and sleep habits influenced cognitive function over a long period of time.”
A paper by the UCL researchers on their large-scale, longitudinal study appears in The Lancet Healthy Longevity.
Study Relies on Self-Reported Data of Healthy Adults
For their study, UCL researchers used longitudinal data on 8,958 cognitively healthy adults from England aged 50 and older taken from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). The data used was collected between Jan. 1, 2008, and July 31, 2019. Participants gave reports about their physical activity and sleep duration every two years.
Researchers asked participants how many hours they slept on a typical weeknight. The UCL researchers then categorized sleep as “short” if it was less than six hours, “optimal” if between six and eight hours, and “long” if more than eight hours were received.
Researchers also asked participants how much they exercised. Participants reported how frequently they participated in light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity and whether they exercised more than weekly, weekly, one to three times a month, and rarely/never.
Researchers assessed the episodic memory of participants using the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s disease immediate and delayed recall tasks. Researchers gave participants a ten-word list and asked them to recall the words immediately and again a day later. Researchers also assessed the participants’ verbal fluency using a task where the participants named as many animals as they could think of over the course of a minute.
How Do Exercise and Sleep Duration Affect Cognitive Scores?
Of the 3,069 participants who researchers placed in the “higher physical activity category,” 1,525 participants (50%) reported engaging in light, moderate, and vigorous exercise more than weekly. Another 1,161 participants (37.8%) reported engaging in light and moderate exercise more than weekly and vigorous exercise monthly or weekly.
Among the 5,889 participants in the lower physical activity category, 2,384 participants (40.5%) reported engaging in no vigorous physical activity but more than weekly light and moderate physical activity. Another 1,511 participants (25.7%) reported engaging in more than weekly light physical activity, moderate physical activity weekly or less often, and no vigorous physical activity.
Participants who engaged in higher physical activity were more likely to sleep 6–8 hours a night. They were also more likely to be younger at baseline, male, married, or had a partner, and had more education and wealth than those in the lower physical activity group. Those in the higher physical activity group were more likely not to smoke, had lower body mass indexes (BMI), fewer diagnoses of all chronic conditions, and fewer depressive symptoms compared with those in the lower physical activity group.
Participants from the higher physical activity group generally had the highest baseline cognitive scores regardless of how long they slept.
“However, for ages 50 and 60 years, those with higher physical activity and short sleep declined more rapidly such that after 10 years of follow-up, they had cognitive scores similar to those in the lower physical activity groups,” the UCL researchers write in their paper about the study.
“We were surprised to see that the cognitive benefits associated with physical activity were reduced when participants had insufficient sleep duration, but these findings are certainly in line with previous research pointing to an important role of sleep in cognitive and physical recovery.” – Dr. Bloomberg
Among older participants (age 70 and above), the cognitive benefits of exercise appeared to be maintained even among poor sleepers.
Dr. Vernon Williams, sports neurologist, pain management specialist, and founding director of the Center for Sports Neurology and Pain Medicine at Cedars-Sinai Kerlan-Jobe Institute in Los Angeles, told MNT he appreciated seeing data about the importance of sleep for long-term benefits regarding cognitive function.
“The concept that both exercise AND sleep are critical factors for maintaining cognitive health coupled with evidence that maintaining physical health in the absence of optimal sleep health reduces the cognitive benefits of physical activity is compelling,” Dr. Williams said.
– Beth JoJack

Weight loss tip of the month – the calories you can save

KINGMAN – Do you find yourself wishing you could lose weight, fit into that favorite outfit, or improve your eating habits?
How often do you take action to make those wishes come true? Researchers have found that only about 20% of people with unhealthy lifestyles are willing to act. Wishing implies that we aren’t planning on making changes. Wishful thinking is waiting for something miraculous to happen without putting forth effort. Instead of wishful thinking, think about reality. Thinking realistically involves planning and taking action to make changes in our behavior. Instead of making wishes, create a list of goals. Write down those goals and then determine a course of action to achieve them. Remember that reaching goals takes effort. In the end you’ll no longer be wishing and waiting for something to happen. You’ll be taking action to make them happen!
It’s easy to say, “I will do it after my vacation, or I will start Monday.” Why not start now?
Here’s a tip to help make your goals a reality. As you go through treasured recipes and favorite cookbooks substitute high calorie, high fat food items with lower fat or fat free ingredients. Making simple substitutions in our daily meals and recipes makes significant reductions in our calorie intake.
Here are examples of how many calories that can be saved substituting lower fat ingredients for high fat ones:

  • 1 cup skim milk versus 1 cup whole milk= 60 calories.
  • Substituting 8 egg whites versus 4 whole eggs= 188 calories.
  • Nonstick cooking spray versus oil or butter= 135 calories per tablespoon.
  • Light margarine versus butter= 58 calories per tablespoon and 464 calories per ½ cup.
  • Removing skin from a five-ounce portion of chicken or turkey= 360 calories.
  • Non-calorie sweetener versus sugar= 48 calories per tablespoon and 385 calories per ½ cup.
  • Plain nonfat yogurt versus cream in recipes= over 700 calories.
  • Plain nonfat yogurt versus mayonnaise in dressing recipes= over 480 calories per 1/3 cup.
  • Fat-free evaporated skim milk versus evaporated milk= 14 calories and 2 grams of fat per ounce.
  • Fat-free sweetened condensed skim milk versus sweetened condensed milk= 54 calories and 3 grams of fat per ounce. 2 tablespoons equal one ounce.
    Now that you’ve started cutting out fat and calories don’t make the mistake of thinking, “I have cut out a whole bunch of calories now I can eat as much as I want.” Watch those serving sizes.
    Practice preparing family favorites with low fat and fat free ingredients, so it will become second nature. Making small substitutions can make big differences in the number of calories we consume. It’s a little change that can make a significant impact on our weight.
    If you’ve already made changes like these and are still struggling with weight loss, please call me today at 928-753-5066 or stop by 1848 Hope Ave in Kingman.
    – Eunice Mesick
    (Diet Center, Kingman, Arizona)

Staying Cool: How to make DIY gel ice pack with few ingredients at home

WORLD – If you’re trying to cool down this summer, a gel ice pack is a great help. It’s easy to make your own. Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Reusable zip-top bag
  • Water
  • Rubbing alcohol
  • Dish soap
  • Food coloring


  1. Add 2 parts water to 1 part rubbing alcohol in a sturdy, reusable zip-top bag. Adjust the amount of alcohol to make the pack firmer or softer.
  2. Add a dash of dish soap to prevent the gel from sticking to the bag.
  3. Optionally, add food coloring of your choice to customize the pack’s color.
  4. Remove as much air as possible from the bag before sealing it.
  5. Seal the bag and lay it flat in the freezer for a few hours or overnight.
  6. When ready to use, take the pack from the freezer and apply it to the affected area.
  7. Refreeze the pack after use for reuse as needed.
    For a nontoxic ice pack option, you can make a DIY corn syrup ice pack. This alternative keeps the pack soft and flexible and is safe to use around children. Here’s what you’ll need:
  • Reusable zip-top bag
  • Corn syrup
  1. Pour corn syrup into a zip-top bag of your choosing.
  2. Remove as much air as possible from the bag before sealing it.
  3. Seal the bag and lay it flat in the freezer for a few hours or overnight.
  4. When ready to use, place the pack in a lunchbox or apply it to an injury.
  5. Refreeze the pack after use for reuse as needed.
    Tip: Another easy, nontoxic DIY ice pack option for kids’ lunches is to freeze wet sponges in a reusable zip-top bag. This way, if they thaw in the lunchbox, they won’t leak and ruin the food.

Harnessing body’s AC: Avoid heat stress by using pulse points to cool body down

NATION – When summer heat hits, it can be easy to overheat despite our best efforts. Hydration helps but in extreme heat it isn’t always enough. If you know where your pulse points are located, you can help quickly cool your body when the heat gets the best of you. This simple technique can do wonders to lower body temperature quickly when you’re feeling overheated, have a fever, or experiencing a heat-related illness. These pulse points are your body’s “cooling spots” and they’re like little built-in air conditioners. In these areas, blood vessels are close to the surface of the skin. When cold is applied, the blood vessels constrict, reducing blood flow and providing instant relief from heat-related discomfort. Here’s a rundown of where to find those cooling spots and how to quickly cool down your body using pulse points.
How to cool body down using pulse points:
Find a pulse point on your body. Your body’s pulse points include:

  • The carotid artery in the neck. The carotid arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the head and neck. Located on each side of the neck, these arteries can easily be felt pulsating by placing your fingers gently on either side of your windpipe. The carotid arteries are essential as they supply blood to the large front part of the brain.
  • The radial artery on the thumb side of the wrist.
  • The popliteal artery behind the knee.
  • The femoral artery in the groin, just above the crease where the thigh meets the abdomen.
  • The brachial artery, inside the elbow where the bicep meets the forearm. The brachial artery is the main vessel supplying blood to the muscles in your upper arm and elbow joint. It’s often used to measure your blood pressure. The brachial artery is near the surface of your skin.
  • The temporal artery on the side of the head, just above the temple.
  • The dorsalis pedis artery, located on the top of the foot., s the main source of blood supply to the foot, is the main source of blood supply to the foot.
    Apply a cold compress or ice pack to one or all of the pulse points for 10-15 minutes. For best results, apply the cold compress or ice pack directly to the skin. If applying directly to the skin is uncomfortably cold, wrap the cold compress or ice pack in a towel to protect the skin.
    You can also run cool water over the pulse points or take a cool shower. If taking a cold shower, start with your feet and work your way up to your head. This allows you to gradually acclimate your body to the cold water, which can help to prevent a sudden drop in blood pressure. Avoid taking a cold shower if you have a heart condition or high blood pressure. The cold water can constrict the blood vessels, which can lead to a decrease in blood flow to the heart.
    If feeling lightheaded or dizzy, simply stop and rest.
    – Maryal Miller Carter

Stomach gurgling and diarrhea: What does it mean?

NATION – Stomach gurgling with diarrhea may indicate an underlying condition, such as an infection, a food intolerance or sensitivity, or an underlying bowel issue. Stomach gurgling typically occurs due to the movement of fluids and gases through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. It is a normal by-product of digestion. However, loud or excessive gurgling sounds may indicate an underlying issue.
Diarrhea refers to loose, watery stools. It is typically a sign that the digestive system is not functioning as normal. Stomach gurgling combined with diarrhea may signal an underlying infection or gastrointestinal (GI) issue, such as:
Gastroenteritis: This condition involves inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to an infectious organism, such as a bacteria, virus, or parasite.
Food poisoning: Consuming contaminated food or water can lead to food poisoning. Common causes of food poisoning include the bacterial strains Escherichia Coli (E. Coli) and Salmonella. Symptoms may include stomach gurgling, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): This is a chronic disorder affecting the large intestine. Symptoms include bloating, diarrhea/constipation, abdominal pain, and increased sensitivity to gas or stool movement.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): The term IBD refers to two conditions; Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both conditions cause chronic inflammation of the GI tract, which can cause symptoms such as persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, blood in stools, abdominal pain, gurgling, weight loss, and fatigue.
Stomach gurgling and diarrhea can be symptoms of specific food intolerances or sensitivities, such as lactose intolerance, gluten sensitivity, or celiac disease.
Certain medications, such as antibiotics, can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the digestive system, leading to stomach gurgling and diarrhea.
During periods of stress or anxiety, the body releases hormones and chemicals into the digestive tract, where they can affect the normal functioning of the digestive system. This can cause symptoms such as IBS symptoms, indigestion, nausea, and abdominal cramps.
When to Contact a Doctor:
People should contact their doctor if symptoms of stomach gurgling and diarrhea are associated with any of the following:
Persistent or severe symptoms: Seek medical attention if symptoms are severe or persist for more than 4 days, especially if accompanied by other concerning symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, blood in the stool, high fever, or dehydration.
Dehydration: Diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which can be particularly dangerous for children, older adults, and individuals with preexisting health conditions. Seek prompt medical care if experiencing excessive thirst, dry mouth, decreased urine output, lightheadedness, or weakness.
Travel history or exposure to contaminated food or water: Consult a doctor if there is a recent history of travel to a region with a high risk of GI infections or if there is a suspicion of food poisoning or consumption of contaminated water. Medical treatment may be necessary.
Treatments and Remedies:
The treatments and remedies for stomach gurgling and diarrhea depend on the underlying cause. Some potential treatment options include:

  1. Replacing fluids and electrolytes: Drink plenty of fluids, such as water, clear broths, and electrolyte-rich solutions, to stay hydrated and replace lost electrolytes.
  2. Following the BRAT diet: Eat bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, or other bland foods, to soothe the digestive system and provide easily digestible foods during episodes of diarrhea.
  3. Avoiding trigger foods: Identify foods that may worsen symptoms and try temporarily eliminating those foods from the diet. Common trigger foods that can irritate the digestive system include caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods.
  4. Taking probiotics: Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can help restore the natural balance of bacteria in the gut. They are available as supplements or in certain fermented foods. Probiotics might help improve digestion and reduce diarrhea, but people should consult a healthcare professional for guidance on the appropriate strains and dosages.
  5. Taking antidiarrheal medications: Over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as loperamide (Imodium) can help reduce diarrhea symptoms by slowing down bowel movements. However, consult a healthcare professional before taking these medications, as they are not suitable for use with certain bacterial or parasitic infections.
  6. Taking Prescription medications: In cases where diarrhea is due to an infection or an underlying condition, a healthcare professional may prescribe specific medications to target the underlying cause.
  7. Applying heat: Placing a hot water bottle or heating pad on the abdomen can help alleviate abdominal discomfort and cramping.
  8. Resting: Get plenty of rest to allow the body to recover from an episode of diarrhea.
    Frequently Asked Questions:
    Why is my stomach gurgling and I can’t have a bowel movement?
    There are many reasons a person might experience stomach gurgling combined with an inability to have a bowel movement. The following conditions can cause changes in bowel habits, including stomach gurgling and constipation:
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): A chronic GI disorder that may also cause cramping, bloating, and gas.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): While diarrhea is a common symptom of UC and CD, some individuals also experience constipation.
  • Intestinal blockage: A blockage in the intestines can prevent the normal passage of stool, leading to constipation. Some factors that can cause blockages include impacted feces, hernias, scar tissue, and tumors.
    Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (IPO): In IPO, a person experiences symptoms of an intestinal blockage in the absence of any obstruction. Instead, the bowel becomes dilated due to nerve or muscle damage that stops or delays the movement of food, fluids, and air through the intestines.
    Stress and anxiety: Acute or chronic stress and anxiety can disrupt the normal functioning of the digestive system, contributing to constipation.
    Does bowel cancer cause stomach noises?
    Medical professionals generally consider stomach gurgling and other digestive sounds a typical part of the digestive process. These sounds occur due to the movement of gas and fluids within the GI tract and are not specific to bowel cancer. However, bowel cancer can cause changes in bowel habits. In some cases, it may lead to bowel obstruction, which can result in increased abdominal sounds.
    Stomach gurgling and diarrhea are symptoms that often occur together. The cause may be a transient issue, such as an infection, food intolerance or sensitivity, or a period of stress or anxiety. Less commonly, these symptoms may indicate a more chronic gastrointestinal (GI) issue, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.
    The treatment for stomach gurgling and diarrhea depends on the underlying cause. Treatment may involve simple measures, such as eating a bland diet, avoiding trigger foods, or getting plenty of rest. In other cases, OTC or prescription medications may be necessary to treat an underlying health issue.
    A person should contact their doctor if their symptoms become severe or persistent, or if they develop dehydration. People should also contact a doctor if they suspect they may have an underlying infection or more chronic health issue that requires medical treatment.
    – Hanna Ames

What is set point weight theory?

NATION – Set point weight theory claims that a person’s body aims to maintain fat mass and weight at a predetermined range. It may explain why people tend to regain the weight they lost while dieting.
This return of lost weight following a decrease in weight loss efforts is very common. According to research, it happens more than 80%Trusted Source of the time.
One explanation for this involves the interactions between parts of the brain that control feeding and hormones that control satiety, or a feeling of fullness. Other research argues against set point theory, claiming that environmental, economic, and societal factors may play a role.
Set point theory is the idea that every person’s body has a predetermined fat mass or weight range.
It claims that when a person eats less than their usual amount — resulting in weight loss — various physiological mechanisms come into play. These mechanisms drive the weight back to the set point, which results in regaining the lost weight.
The theory also includes the reverse situation. This means that when someone eats more than their usual amount — resulting in weight gain — mechanisms drive the weight back to the set point, which results in a loss of the gained weight.
In other words, the theory relates to homeostasis, where body processes work to maintain a stable weight equilibrium.
However, mechanisms that reverse weight gain are weaker than those that reverse weight loss. This means that set point theory is more applicable to regaining lost weight than the opposite.
Factors that maintain a person’s set point
Proponents of set point theory contend that some factors include neurohormonal changes and adaptive thermodynamics.
Neurohormonal changes refer to interactions between feeding centers in the brain and hormones that regulate satiety. This means that when a person loses weight, the body increases levels of hormones that boost appetite and decreases levels of hormones that suppress appetite.
Adaptive thermodynamics means that when an individual does not consume enough calories, their body makes adaptive changes that decrease resting energy expenditure.
Arguments for and against
It is worth noting that the set point theory is unproven. Some researchers feel it is over-simplistic. A 2018 study presents the below arguments for and against it.
Arguments for:
Evidence supporting set point theory comes mostly from animal studies. Researchers found that after feeding animals a diet that promotes weight gain or weight loss, discontinuing the diet results in a return to the pre-diet weight.
Research on humans has used data from large groups of people who have gone through weight loss programs. Results showed that after losing some weight, most people regained it, returning to a weight similar to their previous weight.
Arguments against:
There have been very few clinical trials on set point theory. Most research comes from observational studies, and it is impossible to control variables in these situations.
For these reasons, human studies do not support the theory.
Indirect evidence of alternative factors to set point theory comes from data showing there is a twofold increase in obesity today compared with obesity in the previous generation. This suggests that instead of a biological set point determining weight, the following factors may underlie it:
Environmental: This includes modern-day lifestyle factors, such as the availability of fast-food outlets and high calorie snacks.
Economic: A lower income may limit access to healthy food — such as fruits and vegetables — which are naturally lower in calories.
Societal: Communities with poorer socioeconomic characteristics may have a food environment that is less healthy. For example, people may live in food deserts.
There is very little a person can do to change their set point weight. Some experts believe that bariatric surgeries, which can help with long-term weight loss, may alter a person’s set point weight.
Two surgeries that may change the set point are vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). VSG removes most of the stomach, and RYGB creates a pathway for food to go from the food pipe to the intestine, bypassing the stomach.
These surgeries produce more long-term weight sustainability than lifestyle changes alone.
However, bariatric surgery can have negative effects, such as harming the bacterial community in the gut, which affects nutrient extraction from food. It may also cause other side effects, some of which are serious, so they are not a safe option for everyone.
Understanding set point theory may help scientists discover the underlying causes of obesity.
Finding the mechanisms responsible for the set point may lead to safe and less invasive treatment options. It may also bring to light measures that may prevent obesity.
Additionally, the knowledge that a weight set point exists may reduce the stigma associated with obesity.
The fact that most people who lose weight while on a diet later regain it may support the set point weight theory. This is a belief that physiological mechanisms aim to keep weight and fat at a fixed range.
While some animal studies indicate that a set point may exist, other research suggests that regaining lost weight after dieting may stem from environmental, economic, and societal factors.
Some types of bariatric surgery may change the set point, but these procedures have side effects and are not safe for everyone.
— By Mary West

I HEART TACOS announces expansion in Bullhead City

BULLHEAD CITY – I HEART TACOS, a popular local Mexican restaurant, has announced plans to open a new location at 3699 HWY 95, Bullhead City, AZ, in the Target Shopping Center. The restaurant, known for its quality and fresh tacos, has seen remarkable growth over the last five years, leading to this exciting expansion.
The announcement was made on the restaurant’s social media page, where they expressed their gratitude for the community’s support. “We are beyond grateful for all the support our community has shown us. None of this would be possible without you guys!” the post read.
The new location is set to open in the target shopping center, with the exact opening date to be announced soon. The restaurant also revealed plans to add new items to their menu and offer a full-service sit-down Cantina for customer convenience.
One of the most significant improvements with the new location is the addition of seating, which has been a challenge for the restaurant in the past. Despite these changes, the restaurant reassures its patrons that their business model will remain the same, focusing on fair prices and high volume.
For more information about the new location and updates on the opening date, follow I HEART TACOS on their social media page or contact them at +1 928-763-3221. You can also visit their current location at 4558 S, AZ-95 #6, Fort Mohave, AZ 86426
-Jeremy Webb

Unrelenting heat wave grips Arizona: Mohave County and beyond feel the burn

MOHAVE COUNTY – As he summer sun blazes over Arizona, the state is grappling with an unprecedented heat wave that is testing the resilience of its residents and infrastructure. The scorching temperatures have shattered records, strained power grids, and raised serious concerns about the health and well-being of the population, particularly in Mohave County and other vulnerable areas.
Phoenix, the state’s capital, has been at the epicenter of this heatwave, with temperatures consistently soaring above 110 degrees Fahrenheit for a record-breaking stretch. The city is on track to break another grim milestone – an 18-day streak of temperatures above 110F, a testament to the relentless nature of this heatwave.
The heat has not only been relentless but deadly, with confirmed heat-related deaths in Maricopa County reaching alarming numbers. As of the first week of July, there have been 12 confirmed heat-related deaths and 55 under investigation as suspected heat-related fatalities. The heat has also taken a toll on the state’s healthcare system, with hospitals reporting an influx of patients suffering from heat-related illnesses.
The heatwave has also had a significant impact on the state’s power demand. Arizona Public Service, the state’s largest electric utility, reported record-breaking electricity usage as residents cranked up their air conditioning to combat the heat. This surge in power demand has put a strain on the state’s power grid, raising concerns about potential blackouts.
In Mohave County, the heatwave has been particularly brutal. The county, known for its desert climate, has seen temperatures rise to dangerous levels, making daily life challenging for its residents. The extreme heat has also exacerbated existing issues such as water scarcity and has raised concerns about the potential for wildfires.
The heatwave has also highlighted the stark disparities in how different communities are affected by extreme heat. Vulnerable populations, including the elderly, low-income households, and the homeless, have been disproportionately affected. In Maricopa County, for example, a significant number of heat-related deaths have occurred among the unhoused population.
As Arizona grapples with this unrelenting heatwave, the state is also bracing for the potential impacts of climate change. Scientists warn that heatwaves like the one currently gripping the state could become more frequent and severe due to global warming. This has prompted calls for more robust measures to mitigate the impacts of extreme heat, including improving the state’s power infrastructure, expanding access to cooling centers, and implementing heat action plans.
As the heatwave continues, residents of Arizona are urged to take precautions to protect themselves from the heat. This includes staying hydrated, avoiding outdoor activities during the hottest parts of the day, and checking on vulnerable neighbors.
The ongoing heatwave serves as a stark reminder of the challenges that lie ahead as the climate continues to change. The impacts of extreme heat has never been more apparent.
– Jeremy Webb

Arizona’s economy dodges $9.5 billion setback according to study findings

ARIZONA – Arizona’s economy managed to avoid a potential $9.5 billion setback, according to a joint report by the Common Sense Institute (CSI) Arizona and the Arizona Chamber Foundation. The study examined 67 legislative proposals from the 2023 session, dubbed “job killer” bills for their potential negative impact on employment. If passed, these proposals could have resulted in a $9.5 billion setback to Arizona’s economy and a loss of approximately 114,000 jobs.
Included in these proposals were over a dozen bills that, while failing to pass in Arizona, have been enacted in neighboring Colorado. The study also highlighted that these bills could have levied over $25 billion in new annual costs on businesses operating in Arizona per year, including an estimated $15 billion in additional taxes and fees.
Some of the key legislative proposals included 10 bills proposing to increase taxes and one seeking to repeal Arizona’s status as a right-to-work state, which makes union membership voluntary. The tax increase bills alone, had they passed, could have resulted in an additional $15 billion in new taxes. The proposed repeal of the right-to-work law was estimated to cost Arizona another $18.6 billion.
The report also indicated a comparison between Arizona and Colorado’s employment trends since 2019, taking into account the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the study, had Arizona followed Colorado’s example, it would be grappling with 113,500 fewer workers today, and its economy would have shrunk by 2.6% — equivalent to a $9.5 billion loss in GDP.
CSI Arizona Executive Director Katie Ratlief said the report will inform lawmakers from both parties about the potential consequences of their proposals. “Policymakers and the public should be informed about the short- and long-term impacts these pieces of legislation have so they can weigh pros and cons and make informed decisions,” she said.
Danny Seiden, president and CEO of the Arizona Chamber of Commerce & Industry and a CSI board member, said the report should figures into future legislation. “This analysis provides important data points for legislators to consider as these failed bills will likely resurface in future sessions,” said Seiden.
The study underscores the importance of continual legislative scrutiny and careful decision-making to maintain the health of Arizona’s economy.
While these legislative proposals did not pass, they illustrate the potential for rapid policy shifts and the profound economic impacts such changes could inflict.
– Jeremy Webb

National policy wrapped in razor wire at border

“A 4-year-old girl passed out in 100-degree heat after she was pushed back toward Mexico by Texas National Guard personnel. A pregnant woman became trapped in razor wire and had a miscarriage. A state trooper said he was under orders not to give migrants any water.”
Yes, these are scenes from something called “Operation Lone Star,” but the director isn’t John Ford; it’s Texas Gov. Greg Abbott — and this is real life, as reported by USA Today.
And in real life, at least 853 Migrants died trying to cross the U.S.-Mexico border in the past 12 months. And God knows how many merely endured — and continue to endure — various forms of hell.
Something there is that doesn’t love a wall . . . The wall Robert Frost wrote about in his classic poem “Mending Wall,” published in 1914, was a hand-built stone wall separating an apple orchard from a pine forest. The narrator of the poem expressed ambivalence about walls in general — what’s their point? — and smirked when his neighbor said: “Good fences make good neighbors.” But here he was, working with his neighbor to repair it. This was an annual ritual; hunters were always knocking part of the wall down, and the winter weather — the frost — also inflicted regular damage. The wall was simply part of their lives, so every spring they put it back together.
Interestingly, the poem started claiming a spot in the national political consciousness in the early ’60s, after the Soviets constructed a wall dividing East and West Berlin. Yeah, something there is that doesn’t love a wall. The line had Cold War resonance, at least when it was directed at the communists, who were arrogantly creating a barrier that must not be crossed.
Quite obviously, this was not a wall constructed by equals. It was a one-sided declaration to an enemy: Stay out. America, the good guys, told the Soviets with moral certainty: Tear down that wall. This puts the present moment, and the obsession of certain powerful Americans with “border security” (and, for God’s sake, razor wire), in an interesting context.
Consider these words of Martin Luther King when he visited Berlin in 1964:
“It is indeed an honor to be in this city, which stands as a symbol of the divisions of men on the face of the earth. For here on either side of the wall are God’s children and no manmade barrier can obliterate that fact. Whether it be East or West, men and women search for meaning, hope for fulfillment, yearn for faith in something beyond themselves, and cry desperately for love and community to support them in this pilgrim journey.”
I guess those are easy words to embrace when they’re directed at a declared enemy. But King’s context was a little larger than that. He told his audience of Berliners that, while he was hardly an expert in German politics, he knew about walls. I think he could very well have said the same words in El Paso or Laredo or Eagle Pass — any Texas border city.
“For here on either side of the wall are God’s children and no manmade barrier can obliterate that fact.”
Are you aware of that, Gov. Abbott? Simple-minded and cruel governmental policies — policies wrapped in razor wire — keep no one safe.
So am I saying that border protection is one hundred percent wrong and our borders should be wide open? In my heart, yes, but I’m also aware that the matter is way more complicated than that, and the flow of refugees into a country can create complex difficulties for the current social structure, financial and otherwise. What I am saying is that the flow of refugees is a global matter — kind of on the order of climate change, not to mention war — and we . . . all of us . . . have to devote far more energy and awareness to addressing it than we have so far. Dehumanizing the refugees, then simply focusing on keeping them out, as though they were vermin, betrays an excruciating lack of moral intelligence.
And the damage is widespread, cultural and environmental. As the Center For Biological Diversity points out:
“Border walls built over the past several decades along the U.S.-Mexico border are a dark stain on American history. Hundreds of miles of wall have been built through protected public lands, communities and sovereign tribal nations. These barriers cut through sensitive ecosystems, disrupt animal migration patterns, cause catastrophic flooding and separate families.”
And a diverse array of endangered and rare species is threatened by our militarized protection of an imaginary line, including, as the center notes: “Sonoran pronghorns, lesser long-nosed bats, Quino checkerspot butterflies, cactus ferruginous pygmy owls, and larger predators like jaguars, Mexican gray wolves and ocelots . . .”
The “border problem” cannot be resolved by minimizing our connection to all of humanity and all of the natural world. What we call government is our collective identity. It’s more than just bureaucracy. It’s more than just rules and guns and razor wire. And now is the time for it to wake up, but this will only happen if we demand that it expand its awareness . . . expand its sense of empathy. This is the only way it can “protect” us from our self-created problems.
– Robert Koehler

MCC’s Physical Therapist Assistant graduates pass national board exams on first attempt  

MOHAVE COUNTY – Mohave Community College Physical Therapist Assisting program 2023 graduates have all passed their national board exams on their first attempt. Having a 100% pass rate means that students in the program were very well prepared to take their exams.  
“We are very proud of our students for accomplishing this amazing goal in their higher educational journey. The hard work they put in during the program really shows when it comes to taking the national board exam,” said Dr. Elizabeth Briere, PTA program director. “All of the graduates passing the exam on their first try puts them one step closer to a career.”  
The PTA program tracks employment rates of its graduates and they always have a 100% employment rate. Several of the 2023 graduates have been offered jobs and many will start as soon as they receive their license. The demand for PTA’s is high in Mohave County and according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, on average PTA’s in Mohave County can earn up to $57,670.  
MCC’s Physical Therapist Assistant program offers students a hands-on learning experience to prepare them for the workforce after graduation. The program teaches students the art and science of how to provide care for patients who have suffered from an injury or disease which resulted in a loss of function in the joints of the body, loss of strength, increased pain, inability to walk normally and more. The program takes about 22 months to complete and includes didactic as well as clinical courses offering a variety of hybrid learning formats to meet the needs of the student.
The PTA program is offering a new course, PTA 100: Rehabilitation Aide. The course is a 15-week competency-based course that trains students on how to work as a rehabilitation aide/technician in a physical therapy clinic, hospital, rehabilitation facility or sub-acute care facility. The class starts August 14 and enrollment is now open.  
Those interested in becoming a Physical Therapist Assistant, can start their path by becoming an MCC student, apply for free at The fall semester starts Aug. 14.
To learn more about the program, visit

Celebration river boat begins new chapter as ‘Bullhead Belle’

The Bullhead Belle was donated to the City of Bullhead City by Brea and Trevor Chiodini of Laughlin River Tours when it was retired from its life as The Celebration, a 65-foot mock paddle wheel boat. The Celebration was built in 1966, and set off on its maiden voyage in May of 1977. It carried nearly 1,000,000 passengers up and down the Colorado River as a touring restaurant and special event venue. The Celebration was retired in December of 2022, and begins its new life as the Bullhead Belle in August 2023. The Belle is a riverside concession stand and special event venue, taking advantage of its new location on land to expand its serving capacity to a two-tiered patio overlooking the Colorado River in Bullhead City’s scenic Community Park. With it’s new life, the Belle will continue it’s tradition of service on the river as a preserved piece of Bullhead’s history. –Photo courtesy of Bullhead City

Fact and Fantasy, Demigods and Myths

The ability to imagine is uniquely human. Imagination enabled the invention of our modern world with its bewilderingly complex transportation and communication systems.
But building that world required more than imagination. It required imagination tempered by reason. We imagine and we rationalize. We can explain how the planets revolve around the sun and how birds and airplanes defy gravity. We rely on reason and physical evidence to evidence determine what ideas are useful, and to distinguish fact from fantasy.
Yet many people find it difficult to make that distinction. To a great extent, religion is the cause – for religious institutions condition their followers to believe fanciful tales from early childhood – Adam and Eve’s original sin is the cause of all of mankind’s suffering; Jonah and the Whale; Noah and the Ark.
All defy common sense. Yet Christian fundamentalists, of which there are approximately 90 million, accept these fables as absolute truth. Little wonder that belief in QAnon conspiracies or that the last presidential election was rigged, is so widespread.
Throughout history, there are countless stories of gods interacting with humans. This sculpture of “Leda and the Swan,” for example, is a moving depiction of the romantic intimacy shared by the mythical god Zeus, disguised as a swan, and the beautiful Greek woman he had seduced. In this myth, Leda bears twin children, one human the other a god.
Four hundred years later a Christian variation of the Leda fable emerges. The virgin Mary is impregnated by God, the Holy Ghost, disguised as a dove, and she gives birth to a single child with twin natures, half human, half god. Leda is a myth. Mary is Christian doctrine, believed by some 63 percent of Americans.
This willingness to accept myth as fact presents a fundamental problem for our democracy. Rational debate and compromise are essential to our government and judiciary, but rational debate requires that both sides accept basic facts.
Yet far too many politicians, and now court justices, base their arguments on subjective religious belief rather than demonstrable fact. What these people want to be true is placed on an equal footing with what is true. Fantasy equals fact. The result is an obstructed congress and a supreme court without objectivity.
Fables and legends are man-made devices. For virtually all recorded human history various unprovable fables secure power for established classes. And that continues today. The conservative right uses myths as a device to remain a force in American government. Here are three examples. All run counter to our national interest.
The myth of a self-correcting environment:
Scientific Papers linking global warming to carbon dioxide concentration were published as early as 1956. Gradually scientists grew concerned and by 1988 the topic had become contentious. Industry, especially oil companies, questioned the data and mathematical models. Their arguments were suspect, but rational.
At the same time Christian fundamentalists took issue citing passages from the bible to support their views, which irrationally claimed that God had created a perfect self-correcting environment in which mankind would flourish until the end-times; all was according to god’s plan. The combined effect of these denials was to delay and reduce investment in programs that could have addressed the climate problem.
Today nearly everyone appreciates that global warming endangers our planet, and something must be done. Yet even now the Freedom Caucus has placed a restriction on climate change funding to poison the defense spending bill.
The myth of two-genders:
Christian beliefs are also at the center of controversies concerning gay and transgender members of our society. LGBT people comprise some seven percent of our population.
These groups have existed throughout human history. So, the evidence that God created more than two genders is overwhelming, for surely if God created anyone, God created everyone.
Yet fundamentalists hold that God created only male and female and cannot accept the LGBT community. Christian-dominated state legislatures work overtime writing statutes that marginalize these protected groups. Florida’s “don’t say gay” law and regulation of what children can read and be taught are prime examples.
The myth of a
Christian Nation:
Christian Nationalists claim that our country was founded as a Christian nation, but the record says something quite different. The words Christ and Christian do not appear in our Constitution or Declaration of Independence. Jefferson used the word God once in the Declaration, but in reference to “Natures God,” the God of Deism.
The founders understood that Christianity was incompatible with the free society they envisioned. They rejected the monarchial-religious power structures of the 18th century and embraced the Secular Humanism of the Enlightenment.
And the fact that the majority of Americans identify as Christian does not make America a Christian Nation, for our Wgions freedom for all faiths. No one religion is favored.
Religious nationalism has profoundly infected our Supreme Court. Six of the nine justices are Catholic, and decisions now reflect the Christian world view. The Dobbs decision is the most egregious example. Written by Justice Alito, his opinion ignored precedent, reason, and evidence to take away a woman’s constitutional right to choose. To give that power to the states, he relied on an “Ordered Liberty” argument, but he skipped over the fact that this woman’s Constitutional right did not interfere with Ordered Liberty.
The consequence of this opinion is that in a Christian-dominated state everyone must abide by the subjective belief of the Christian majority, which violates both separation of church and state and the religious freedom for other faiths. One would think Alito had never read the Bill of Rights, understood the phrase “tyranny of the majority” or realized that the voting majorities in the Confederate States endorsed slavery.
He claims objectivity, but is a conservative Catholic, and his opinion aligns perfectly with the mythical conservative view of society. The National Conservative manifesto states, “Where a Christian majority exists, public life should be rooted in Christianity and its moral vision, which should be honored by the state and other institutions both public and private.” That view is, of course, incompatible with the free society Jefferson, Franklin and Madison contemplated.
Leda and the Swan, Mary and the Dove; fact or fantasy? The remarkable thing about America is the right to believe that either one, neither, or both are true. But that right is shared by all citizens.
And along with American citizenship comes an obligation to respect the beliefs of others. Fifty years ago, we had accepted that obligation in both government and law, as our constitution requires, and we used reason to determine what was right and wrong. That was essential to our success as a nation.
America is an embodiment of Enlightenment philosophy, the Age of Reason. That is our true heritage. By honoring that legacy, we ensure our future. One has the right to believe that Leda is a myth and Mary is fact, but we must think our way forward.
I was raised Christian. As much as I may want the story of Mary to be true, this dilemma I cannot reconcile. So, I have come to see biblical stories like Greek mythology, myths that may provide useful and meaningful guidance but not absolute truth. And Christ need not be divine for his message of love and peace to have meaning.
The problems that confront our modern world are real and they require real solutions. They will not be found in ancient scripture, magic, or myths, but by a government and judiciary that respects individual rights and deals in fact.
–Bob Topper

MCC College for Kids big success summer 2024 sign-ups already open  

MOHAVE COUNTY – Nearly 200 children enjoyed fun, creative and educational classes during College for Kids this summer at Mohave Community College, and families are encouraged to sign up for next year’s camps.  
MCC’s Community Education division organizes the summer camp with a focus on teaching children about the history of Mohave County, STEM, exploring careers like firefighting, paramedic, welding and much more.  
College for Kids happens at MCC campuses in southern Mohave County for children ages 8-12. Older children were also able to participate in culinary camps at the Bullhead City campus and esports camps at the Kingman campus.  
For the second summer in a row, the MCC Culinary Program offered a camp to show children kitchen safety, how to make breakfast, pizza, a sandwich, Barbeque and other recipes.  
Esports campers created their own teams, were provided a hands-on experience and participated in a camp tournament. Participants got to play various games like Smash Bros., Fortnite, Roblox and Rocket League. Children also got to learn about video game design, sportsmanship, careers in esports and much more.  
To sign up for the summer 2024 College for Kids camps, visit Culinary and Esports camps will also return next summer with online registration coming soon.  
The MCC Community Education division also offers many fun and educational classes year-round for adults, such as metalsmithing, ceramics, yoga, Tai Chi, watercolor painting, and much more. Classes are offered on all MCC campuses, to see what classes are offered, visit  
For more information, or if you have questions about the Community Education classes, kids camps or the registration process, please contact Community Education Director Lori Gunnette at or (928) 757-0844.  

Bullhead City Senior Campus August activities
BULLHEAD CITY – The Bullhead City Senior Campus provides a wide variety of activities for active adults 50 years of age and older. The Senior Campus is located at 2275 Trane Road between Bullhead City Hall and Ken Forvargue Park. Visitors will meet new friends and share in various fun activities by attending the below-mentioned events. Continental breakfast is available from 9 a.m.-10:30 a.m. for just $2. For those not interested in breakfast, coffee, tea, or juice may be purchased separately during the same time for only $1.  A congregate lunch is available to those 60-plus years old from 11:30 a.m.-12:00 p.m. daily with a suggested donation of $3. 
In addition to the activities listed below, at 1 p.m., the campus has educational webinars; broadcasting classes to teach viewers functional everyday skills, including smartphone use, financial tracking, computer skills, online ordering tips, and many ways to use modern technology. Offered classes are listed at the Campus on the Friday before each class.  
For questions about the Senior Campus or other senior resources in our area, contact Kim Cool, Senior Services Program Manager, at (928) 763-0193 Monday-Friday between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. or by emailing    

‘Guardian Angel of Route 66’ Delgadillo celebrated in Kingman exhibit

KINGMAN – A new exhibit honoring the legacy of Angel Delgadillo, a pivotal figure in the history of Route 66, has opened in Kingman, Arizona. The exhibit aims to provide visitors with an immersive experience akin to visiting Angel’s Barbershop and Gift Shop in Seligman and meeting the man himself, who has been dubbed the “guardian angel” of U.S. Route 66.W
Born on April 19, 1927, along U.S. Route 66 in Seligman, Arizona, Delgadillo has witnessed the evolution of the iconic highway over the decades. From the exodus of Okies due to the Dust Bowl in the 1930s, the movement of men and materials during World War II, to the rise and fall of the road, Delgadillo’s life has been intertwined with Route 66.
In 1950, Delgadillo opened his barbershop in the same building his father had opened his barbershop and pool hall on Route 66 in 1922, before the road even had its now famous name. However, his connection to Route 66 extends beyond his personal and professional life. Delgadillo is the main founder of the Historic Route 66 Association of Arizona, established in 1987 to campaign for “Historic Route 66” signage on the former US highway. Similar initiatives have since been established in every U.S. Route 66 state.
The decline and eventual delisting of Route 66 from the United States Highway System in 1985 led Delgadillo to found the Historic Route 66 Association of Arizona. His efforts, along with those of other community members, resulted in the State of Arizona christening U.S. 66 from Seligman to Kingman as “Historic Route 66” in 1987. This designation preserved 159 miles of the road, the longest remaining stretch of uninterrupted Route 66 in the country.
Delgadillo’s efforts have not only preserved a piece of American history but also revitalized the economy of towns along Route 66. Today, Seligman, the “Birthplace of Historic Route 66,” is a destination for travelers from around the world who come to experience a piece of old-fashioned America.
The new exhibit in Kingman pays tribute to Delgadillo’s significant contributions to preserving Route 66 and revitalizing the economies of towns along the historic highway. Visitors to the exhibit can learn about Delgadillo’s life, his efforts to preserve Route 66, and the impact of his work on communities along the highway.
–Jeremy Webb

Area Superintendents remind drivers of school bus safety as school starts

TRI-STATE – Three area public school superintendents have banded together to remind drivers that school buses will again be picking up and dropping off students, as the 2023-2024 school year gets under way. In addition to buses, students will also be walking or riding bicycles to and from school, and sometimes crossing the street to and from bus stops.
Bullhead City School District #15 (BCSD) and Mohave Valley Elementary School District #16 (MVESD) start classes on July 31. Colorado River Union High School District (CRUHSD) begins its new school year on August 2.
“When a school bus is displaying its red flashing lights and stop sign, traffic stops in both directions, unless it’s a divided highway,” Superintendents Carolyn Stewart (BCSD), Cole Young (MVESD) and Tim Richard (CRUHSD) said in a joint statement. “Under Arizona state law, school bus drivers are empowered to report those violators to the Arizona Department of Public Safety.”
The superintendents also noted that when buses are stopped, there’s a good chance that students are nearby. Not all students will pay attention to oncoming traffic, so drivers of other vehicles should always be alert and yield to pedestrians, even if the pedestrians don’t have the right of way.
All three districts have had school buses damaged in accidents caused by other careless drivers in private vehicles. Buses have been t-boned, hit head-on, sideswiped and even flipped on their sides.
In addition to BCSD, CRUHSD and MVESD, other area public schools will start school in August, with the same school bus safety tips. Clark County School District (Bennett Elementary and Laughlin Junior-Senior High Schools) returns August 7, along with the Needles Unified School District on August 16. Topock Elementary School District #12 rounds out the area’s public schools, starting on August 24.
-Lance Ross

Why home improvement has surged and how it’s changing America

NATION – In the Brookside neighborhood in central Kansas City, Mo., John Buhr has do-it-yourself projects going from top of the garage to the basement.
“As soon as COVID hit, we needed someplace the kids could play,” Buhr says, noting that neighborhood parks were closed. “So we put a playhouse down [in the basement] first and then found the kids liked it so much that we went ahead and built a living room. And then my wife needed the space to work.”
So now Buhr is building an office for his wife in what was an unfinished attic above the garage. He’s also working on a self-contained apartment for his parents and in-laws to use when they’re in town for extended babysitting visits.
“This all kind of became immediately necessary, thanks to COVID,” Buhr says.
The sound of power tools is roaring in neighborhoods across the United States.
In the Brookside neighborhood in central Kansas City, Mo., John Buhr has do-it-yourself projects going from top of the garage to the basement.
“As soon as COVID hit, we needed someplace the kids could play,” Buhr says, noting that neighborhood parks were closed. “So we put a playhouse down [in the basement] first and then found the kids liked it so much that we went ahead and built a living room. And then my wife needed the space to work.”
So now Buhr is building an office for his wife in what was an unfinished attic above the garage. He’s also working on a self-contained apartment for his parents and in-laws to use when they’re in town for extended babysitting visits.
“This all kind of became immediately necessary, thanks to COVID,” Buhr says.
“This is all-time highs,” Anderson says. “In terms of like measured history in the United States, this is the, the highest levels of, of home improvement spending we’ve ever seen.”
Home improvement spending has been on a long steady rise, so it’s not too surprising that U.S. homeowners are on track to spend more than ever this year, but the surge in demand is striking.
Anderson measures demand based on searches for home improvement service projects on In the last three months, the company has tracked 330 million U.S. Google searches for home improvement work — that’s up almost 50% from the same period last year. Gardening is the type of home improvement up the most, but the projects range all over the home, inside and out.
Anderson says that just over 3 out of 4 homeowners whom surveyed have completed a major project since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, and roughly the same percentage have one on the drawing board. Homeowners younger than 40 are the most likely to have completed projects this year, though more than half of baby boomers have done home improvement work too.
That’s way more than average, he says, and it’s partly because some homeowners, like Wanda Taylor in Kansas City, find themselves with some extra cash on hand.
“My partner and I, we like to travel quite a bit,” Taylor says, smiling. “We like theater. We like live music. And so that’s how we spend our money. But then suddenly all that stopped, and so, if I can’t travel, I chose to put my energy in the place where I am.”
By that, Taylor means her home. She’s standing in a newly finished basement with a comfy den, a wet bar and a pantry — all new since the coronavirus pandemic.
Anderson says that rock-bottom interest rates also make home improvements more attractive. And he says that in unsettling times, spending on one’s home can be a comforting investment.
The categories of home improvement surging the most, though, have to do with work outside the home — just outside of it, that is, primarily in the backyard. There has been an almost threefold increase in building decks, and the number of people putting up fences is up sharply as well, according to Anderson.
“Deck construction is up 275%,” Anderson says, quoting increases from March to July of this year. “Hiring landscapers is at 238%. Fence construction installation is at 144%,” Anderson says.
And a lot of the work going on in backyards slips under the radar of people like Anderson. Astoria Camille, for instance, is working on a happy project behind her mother’s home in Kansas City’s Troostwood neighborhood.
“It used to be a backyard. Now it’s a summer oasis with a dipping pool that my mom likes to call a pond,” boasts Camille, motioning toward the large, round green plastic stock tank she reused as a swimming pool.
The reclaimed yard provides a nice place to relax in a controlled outdoor environment, another factor driving the pandemic building boom.
“So refreshing,” gushes Camille, wading into the “pond.”
The restaurant Camille works for furloughed her this past spring, so the budget for this project is limited, but like a lot of other do-it-yourselfers and contractors this year, Camille ran into material shortages. The river rock she wanted in order to help set an aquatic theme was nowhere to be found this spring, so Camille had to use 53 bags of pea gravel as a substitute. At 40 pounds a bag, she hauled them from the store in four trips.
Lots of people are running into supply shortages.
“Demand for outdoor living products is surging,” says Nancy Musselwhite, a building materials industry analyst for Principia Consulting. “Homeowners sheltering in place during peak COVID regulations developed a renewed interest in their backyards, really, as an extension of their home.”
The big one is lumber. Musselwhite says the supply of treated lumber, the kind that’s going into all those new decks and fences, shrank early in the pandemic, as stay-at-home orders slowed production. With the huge spike in demand, prices for deck boards and fence posts more than doubled — and supply dried up. Similar with framing lumber, the type used to make the skeletons of single family homes.
Musselwhite says big-box hardware store sales this spring shot up between 25% and 35% over the second quarter of 2019.
“If you’ve been watching a Home Depot and Lowe’s, earnings reports, they are killing it this year,” Musselwhite says.
For Home Depot, sales for the second quarter of this year were $38.1 billion, up 23.4% from last year. Lowe’s reported $27.3 billion in sales for the second quarter, compared with $21.0 billion for the same period in 2019.
The number of new houses being constructed across the country is up sharply since the pandemic started, and just the added cost of lumber now tacks more than $16,000 onto the price of an average new home, according to the National Association of Home Builders.
The shortage changed Buhr’s home improvement plans. He started building a fence but put the project on hold when he found it impossible to source new fence posts. But that hasn’t shut him down. He has found ways to improvise. Stacked neatly in his backyard is a minivan-size pile of gray lumber, all stuff Buhr salvaged from dumpsters and a fence demolition project.
“And it’s coming in handy since I can’t source a lot of the stuff I normally use. So I’ve been able to build a lot of, a lot of stuff out of this used material,” Buhr says.
Buhr says this kind of resourcefulness is part of the new normal, finding alternative sources for material, finding workarounds and just doing more with less. He says the pandemic has forced many people to prioritize family life and adopt a more agile approach to their well-being.
“It feels like there’s kind of a big reset happening,” Buhr says. “A lot more people are focusing on their family, their homes, you know, the stuff in our immediate vicinity. People’s bubbles have shrunk.”
– Frank Morris

Ways to use Hydrogen peroxide around the house

NATION – Many people likely have a brown bottle of hydrogen peroxide under their bathroom sink. Hydrogen peroxide is a good disinfectant to use on cuts and scapes, but this disinfectant isn’t only useful for cleaning up torn skin. Hydrogen peroxide can be used in many areas of the home to disinfect.
“Hydrogen peroxide is a powerful sanitizer and disinfectant, non-toxic, and environmentally friendly,” says Lisa Sharp, a cleaning expert and the founder of Retro Housewife Goes Green in Oklahoma. “It can effectively kill bacteria, viruses, and mold spores, making it an excellent choice for maintaining a clean home without the use of harsh chemicals.” Here are different ways to use hydrogen peroxide in your home.

  • Clean Surfaces With Grease
    Have a baking tray or cooking surface with food residue or grease? Reach for hydrogen peroxide to make cleaning easier. Alex Varela, General Manager of Dallas Maids recommends mixing hydrogen peroxide and baking soda together until you form a paste. Apply the paste to the area where there is grease or food remnants and then allow it to sit for eight hours. Then, scrub it away with a non-scratch sponge.
  • Disinfect Toothbrushes
    Toothbrushes are important for dental hygiene but we may not always consider that these essential brushes need cleaning, too. Sharp explains that disinfecting your toothbrush will help kill bacteria and germs that could be on the bristles.
    Ready to disinfect your toothbrush? “Pour a small amount of hydrogen peroxide into a cup or glass [and] submerge the bristles of your toothbrush in the hydrogen peroxide and let it sit for a few minutes [and] rinse well when done,” says Sharp. “This helps kill bacteria and germs that may be present on the bristles.”
  • Multi-Purpose Cleaner
    “Hydrogen peroxide can be used to disinfect countertops, cutting boards, bathroom fixtures, and more,” says Sharp. Want to make your own all-purpose cleaner? Hydrogen peroxide and water make a good combination. Sharp explains that you want a mixture of 50/50 peroxide and water. When you’re ready to use it, you’ll want to spray the surface and then let it sit for a minimum of five minutes.
    And if you want to have a cleaner with a nice scent, Sharp suggests that you can add a couple of drops of essential oil. But she cautions, “Just be mindful that some essential oils can be harmful to pets and small children.”
  • Stain Remover
    Let’s face it, there are so many opportunities in your day-to-day routine where stains can occur, whether it’s eating your favorite soup, enjoying a slice of juicy watermelon, or even sweating. Turns out, hydrogen peroxide is a great stain remover.
    “Hydrogen peroxide bubbling action helps to lift stains from fabrics, carpets, and upholstery,” says Sharp. “This use is helpful because it can effectively tackle tough stains without the need for harsh chemicals, keeping your surfaces and fabrics clean and fresh.” But before you start using hydrogen peroxide as your new go-to stain remover, make sure to test it on an inconspicuous area of the fabric to ensure it doesn’t cause discoloration.
  • Toilet Bowl Cleaner
    When it’s time to clean the bathroom, you likely have a specific toilet bowl cleaner. Whether you prefer to use less toxic cleaners in your home or like to streamline your cleaning routine, hydrogen peroxide also works wonders for cleaning the toilet. “Its disinfecting properties make it an effective cleaner for removing stains, mineral deposits, and odors from the toilet bowl,” says Sharp.
    And it’s easy to clean with this disinfectant. “Simply pour hydrogen peroxide into the bowl, let it sit for a few minutes, scrub it with a toilet brush, and flush,” says Sharp. “This method helps to keep your toilet clean and fresh without the need for harsh chemical cleaners.”
  • Grout Whitener
    Is your tile and grout in need of whitening? Bring hydrogen peroxide to the rescue. “Its effervescent properties can help remove dirt, grime, and stains from tiled surfaces, leaving them clean and refreshed,” says Sharp.
    To get started, you’ll want to make a paste combining hydrogen peroxide with baking soda. Verela shares that you’ll apply the mixture to the grout with an old toothbrush and let sit for half an hour before scrubbing in a circular motion.

RV market experiences downturn: economic slowdown or post-pandemic adjustment?

NATION – The recreational vehicle (RV) industry, often seen as a barometer of the U.S. economy, has been experiencing a downturn reminiscent of a recession. RV sales are projected to hit their lowest point since 2015, according to the CEO of Blue Compass RV, a Florida-based company with operations in 33 states. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly influenced consumer spending habits, leading to a drastic shift in the RV market. As lockdown measures were implemented, consumers reduced spending on services and instead invested in goods that could make their quarantine experience more comfortable. This led to a surge in demand for products like RVs, bicycles, and swimming pools.
However, as pandemic restrictions were lifted and interest rates began to rise, the RV industry faced challenges. The Federal Reserve has increased borrowing costs ten times since last March to combat high inflation. Consequently, the interest rates on RV loans have risen to around 10%, compared to 7% before the monetary tightening. This has naturally deterred potential buyers, especially those who finance their purchases, which make up 80% of Blue Compass RV’s customer base.
The decline in demand has led manufacturers to slow production. The RV Industry Association predicts that North American shipments of new motorhomes and trailers will drop to 300,000 this year, about half of the number shipped in 2021. This is the steepest decline since the 2007-2009 financial crisis. Despite the downturn, investors remain optimistic. Shares of major RV manufacturers, Thor Industries and Winnebago Industries, have risen by approximately 46.5% and 29% respectively this year.
Jason Lippert, CEO of LCI Industries, a major supplier of RV parts, acknowledged the industry’s difficulty in accurately predicting demand, a challenge that was amplified during the pandemic. While downturns in the RV industry have traditionally been reliable indicators of a recession, this may not be the case this time due to the unique circumstances of the pandemic. Michael Hicks, an economics professor at Ball State University, suggests that the oversupply caused by the pandemic may have distorted the usual economic indicators.
The RV industry is grappling with the dual challenges of inflation, which has increased prices, and higher interest rates, which have made financing more expensive. However, the RV Industry Association anticipates a rebound in RV shipments in the second half of the year as consumers adjust to the current economic conditions. The main issue for dealers is the unsold RVs in their inventories. Industry consultant Gregg Fore noted that some dealers have half of their new inventory made up of 2022 models, a figure that would typically be around 20% to 25%.
Other sectors that experienced a boom during the pandemic have also seen a decline, although not as severe as the RV industry. For instance, Pools of Fun, a large pool builder in Indiana, reported a decrease in their backlog of orders for new pools. Despite the challenges, there is a sense of optimism in the industry. Blue Compass RV has managed to sell off its excess inventory of older RVs and has maintained a strong service business. The company’s CEO affirmed that there is still interest in RVs, but consumers are currently more cautious.
–Jeremy Webb

Hotbed of Summer Fun: J&J Events’ August lineup at Miracle Mile Event Center

BULLHEAD CITY – As the summer sun continues to shine bright, J&J Events is set to bring a refreshing wave of entertainment to Bullhead City. Nestled within the Miracle Mile Event Center, J&J Events has a variety of activities lined up for August, offering something to suit every taste and interest.The Miracle Mile Event Center is a hub of community activity. J&J Events’ shared space with the Bullhead City Shriners further enhances its reputation as a place where fun, community service, and camaraderie come together.Kicking off the month, the popular dice game, BUNCO, is set to roll on Mondays at 6:30 PM. This recurring event, known for its fun and social atmosphere, is a favorite among locals and visitors alike. The BUNCO nights are scheduled for August 7, 14 and 21.For music enthusiasts, “Name That Tune Tournament” is a must-attend. Scheduled for August 3, 10, 17, 24 and 31, all at 6:30 p.m., this event promises to test your knowledge of tunes across various genres and eras. Whether you’re a fan of classic rock, pop, country, or jazz, this tournament is sure to strike a chord.August 4, J&J Events is hosting “Paint & Pinot,” a delightful blend of art and wine. Participants can explore their artistic side while sipping on Pinot, making for a relaxing and creative evening. Whether you’re an experienced painter or a novice, this event offers a unique opportunity to unwind and express your creativity.J&J Events’ diverse lineup of activities for August is a testament to their commitment to fostering a vibrant community spirit in Bullhead City. Whether you’re a local looking for a fun night out or a visitor seeking a unique experience, J&J Events has something for you. So mark your calendars and get ready for a month of fun, laughter, and community connection at the Miracle Mile Event Center. You can find The Miracle Mile Event Center online at They are located at 2580 Miracle Mile Bullhead City, AZ. 86442
–Jeremy Webb

Brain-eating amoeba: hidden threat in Mohave County’s waters

MOHAVE COUNTY – The tranquil waters of Lake Mead, a popular spot for many Mohave County residents and visitors, hide a microscopic menace that has claimed lives and is causing growing concern among health officials. The culprit is a microscopic parasite, Naegleria fowleri, more commonly known as the brain-eating amoeba.
This amoeba thrives in warm freshwater bodies and has been found in several locations across the U.S., including Arizona. It enters the body through the nose and travels to the brain, causing a devastating infection known as primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). While rare, the disease has a 97% fatality rate, and symptoms often appear too late for effective treatment.
This year, a Nevada resident died after potential exposure in Arizona waters, specifically the Arizona side of Lake Mead. This incident has raised alarm among local communities and health officials in Mohave County.
Dr. Wassim Ballan, an infectious disease specialist at Phoenix Children’s Hospital, warns that the amoeba’s geographic footprint could expand due to climate change. “We are probably going to see a change in trends because of the climate changing and the temperatures rising,” Ballan said. “So there is a lot of concern in the infectious disease community about a lot of different infections, including amoebic infections becoming more common as the climate is warming.”
In an interview with AZFamily, Ballan further emphasized the importance of prevention. “It’s infrequent. Still, it isn’t worth the risk when prevention is so easy,” Ballan told AZFamily.
Early symptoms of PAM, which usually start five days after infection, include sudden fever, headache, and stiff neck. As the disease progresses, it can lead to severe illnesses like hallucinations and seizures.
Health officials recommend that swimmers and divers take precautions to prevent infection. These include not jumping or diving into the water, holding the nose or wearing nose clips, and keeping the head above water.
As the summer continues, Mohave County residents and visitors are urged to stay informed and take necessary precautions when enjoying the state’s beautiful lakes and rivers.
–Jeremy Webb

Arizona politician fights for farm workers’ safety amid record heat wave

ARIZONA – In the wake of a tragic incident, an Arizona politician is calling for action to protect the state’s farm workers from extreme heat. Arizona State Representative Mariana Sandoval (D-Arizona) is advocating for extreme heat protections following the death of a Yuma farmworker.
25-year-old Dario Mendoza died after collapsing in a Yuma agricultural field last week during a record heat wave. Mendoza leaves behind his partner and two children.
Sandoval, who represents Yuma at the state capitol, is calling on the Arizona House and Senate to pass legislation to protect all workers, including agricultural workers, from extreme heat by mandating standards for adequate rest, hydration, and shade.
“Mr. Mendoza’s tragic passing is a sign that our state is failing farmworkers, who are not only the backbone of our agricultural sector, but who are also valued and cherished members of our community,” stated Rep. Sandoval.
The proposed legislation comes at a time when Arizona is experiencing record-breaking heat. The month of July 2023 has seen temperatures of 110º or hotter every single day, marking a record-setting 31 days in a row of extreme heat.
Despite the urgency of the situation, the bill may face resistance. Critics argue that the regulations could be onerous and ineffective, potentially hindering economic progress. However, proponents of the bill argue that the health and safety of workers should be a priority, especially in light of the increasing temperatures due to climate change.
As the debate continues, the fate of Arizona’s farm workers hangs in the balance. With temperatures continuing to rise, the need for protective measures becomes increasingly urgent. The proposed legislation represents a significant step towards safeguarding the health and wellbeing of Arizona’s farm workers.The proposed legislation comes at a time when Arizona is experiencing record-breaking heat. The month of July 2023 has seen temperatures of 110º or hotter every single day, marking a record-setting 31 days in a row of extreme heat.
Despite the urgency of the situation, the bill may face resistance. Critics argue that the regulations could be onerous and ineffective, potentially hindering economic progress. However, proponents of the bill argue that the health and safety of workers should be a priority, especially in light of the increasing temperatures due to climate change.
As the debate continues, the fate of Arizona’s farm workers hangs in the balance. With temperatures continuing to rise, the need for protective measures becomes increasingly urgent. The proposed legislation represents a significant step towards safeguarding the health and wellbeing of Arizona’s farm workers.
–Jeremy Webb

Attorney General Mayes sues residential solar installation company and telemarketer over unsubstantiated savings claims and illegal phone calls

PHOENIX – Attorney General Kris Mayes, along with the U.S. Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission, sued Vision Solar LLC and one of its lead generators, Solar Xchange LLC, and its owner Mark Getts, for violations of the Federal Trade Commission Act, the Federal Telephone Solicitation Rule, the Arizona Consumer Fraud Act, and the Arizona Telephone Solicitations Act in connection with unlawful telemarketing sales calls and misrepresentations relating to the sale and installation of residential solar panels in Arizona and beyond.
“Arizona’s sunny climate has made residential solar a fast-growing industry in our state,” said Attorney General Mayes, a long-time proponent of solar energy. “However, solar is a major investment that should be considered by consumers without being subject to unfair pressure tactics. I will not tolerate dishonest sales practices or harassment through unwanted calls that pressure consumers into unfavorable contracts.”
Vision Solar is a residential solar installation company that sells solar panels and installation services directly to consumers, mostly through in-person sales presentations at consumers’ homes. According to the complaint, Vision Solar violated state and federal law by making false, misleading, or unsubstantiated statements about, among other things, energy savings consumers could realize, available tax rebates and incentives, that the monthly payment for solar panels would replace consumers’ current electric bill, and that consumers would begin to realize savings immediately. In reality, the complaint alleges, many Vision Solar consumers waited months to get their solar panels installed and operational, while they had to make monthly payments for both the finance charge for the non-operational solar panels and their existing utility bill for electricity.
In addition, the complaint alleges that Vision Solar’s telemarketers at times falsely claimed to be affiliated with a utility company or government agency. According to the complaint, Vision Solar’s telemarketers, including Solar Xchange, also called consumers who are on the Do Not Call Registry.
“Although I have a long-standing track record of supporting the solar industry, any company engaging in unfair or deceptive sales practices gives a bad name to legitimate companies in a given industry,” added Attorney General Mayes. “I will not allow bad actors to scam unsuspecting consumers or harm the reputations of companies operating ethically and legally.”
Solar Xchange and Getts have agreed to settle the claims against them. Pursuant to a settlement agreement resolving the allegations against them, Solar Xchange and Getts will be prohibited from: misrepresenting that they are affiliated with any utility or government agency; making unsubstantiated claims regarding the cost of installing solar panels; and engaging in abusive telemarketing practices. The order also imposes a partially suspended civil penalty of $13.8 million.
The attorneys handling this matter for Arizona are Senior Litigation Counsel Laura Dilweg, and Assistant Attorney General Joseph Hubble.
If you believe you have been the victim of or experienced consumer fraud, you can file a consumer complaint by visiting the Attorney General’s website. If you need a complaint form sent to you, contact the Attorney General’s Office in Phoenix at (602) 542-5763, in Tucson at (520) 628-6648, or outside the Phoenix and Tucson metro areas at (800) 352-8431.

Kingman’s City Clerk Annie Meredith earns renowned Master Municipal Clerk Certification, enhancing city’s governance

KINGMAN – The City of Kingman is proud to announce that its dedicated City Clerk, Annie Meredith, has earned the esteemed Master Municipal Clerk certification from the renowned International Institute of Municipal Clerks. This accomplishment highlights Meredith’s commitment to excellence in her profession and her dedication to serving Kingman and its residents.
The International Institute of Municipal Clerks, founded in 1947, is a distinguished professional nonprofit association that serves the needs of municipal clerks, secretaries, treasurers, recorders and other allied associations worldwide. With more than 14,500 members, the institute’s primary mission is to promote the continuing education and professional development of municipal experts.
The Master Municipal Clerk certification is more than a symbol—it signifies a level of proficiency and mastery in administrative skills crucial to good governance. This advanced designation is the result of a rigorous educational and professional program designed to equip participants with the expertise needed to handle complex municipal duties efficiently.
Upon achieving this prestigious milestone, Meredith said, “I am truly honored to have earned the MMC certification from the International Institute of Municipal Clerks. I am grateful to the City of Kingman, which supports my professional development.”
City Manager Ron Foggin also expressed his pride in Meredith’s accomplishment, saying, “Annie’s pursuit of excellence sets a shining example for our team. I have no doubt that her knowledge and expertise will continue to contribute significantly to the growth and success of Kingman.”
As Meredith joins the ranks of more than 1,300 Master Municipal Clerks worldwide, the City of Kingman extends its warmest congratulations and looks forward to the continued benefits her expertise and dedication will bring to the city and its residents. Her achievement underscores Kingman’s commitment to developing a team of skilled professionals dedicated to enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of municipal governance.
Kingman, a city steeped in history and community spirit, serves as the backdrop for this remarkable achievement. Founded in 1882 and incorporated in 1952, Kingman holds the distinction of being the county seat of Mohave County. Nestled in northwest Arizona, it is conveniently located along Interstate 40, U.S. 93, and the historically famous Route 66.
With a population of 32,689 within the city limits and approximately 60,000 including neighboring communities, Kingman is a vibrant and growing community. It operates under a council/city manager form of government, with a mayor and six councilmembers.
The city government provides a wide range of municipal services that include administration, development services, engineering, public works, parks and recreation, water, sewer and sanitation services, and fire and police. The achievement of Annie Meredith, the city’s dedicated City Clerk, is a testament to the City of Kingman’s commitment to excellence in all aspects of municipal governance.

Voters to decide fate of Proposition 400 Arizona’s major transportation funding source

PHOENIX – As the expiration of Proposition 400 looms, Arizona lawmakers and voters are set to decide the fate of the half-cent sales tax that has been a significant source of funding for freeways and highways in Maricopa County since 1985. The proposition, touted as the “Largest economic development package in Arizona history,” is up for renewal, with 68% of voters in favor and 26% opposed, according to recent polls.
Proposition 400, which is set to expire in 2025, has been described as being on “life support,” with its future remaining uncertain, according to a report by Axios. The tax has been in place since 1985, and its extension would apply to nearly every public water provider in the United States.
However, the proposition has faced opposition, particularly from Republicans who have excluded railways from the proposed extension. Governor Katie Hobbs has voiced concerns about the tax on rent included in the proposition, stating she will ban it if it remains.
“The terms of this proposed settlement are inadequate and will not allow water providers to appropriately address the harms caused by PFAS chemicals,” Hobbs said, according to AZCentral. “Even worse, water providers may be forced to reimburse 3M for costs down the line. This unserious proposal should be rejected, and 3M should go back to the drawing board and propose a fair settlement that meets the needs of communities across the country.”
Despite the opposition, the proposition’s extension was passed by Arizona Republicans and sent to Governor Hobbs for signature, as reported by ABC15. The extension would fund transportation projects in Maricopa County for the next 20 years, pending voter approval.
As lawmakers return to the Capitol, they are expected to take on Proposition 400, according to the Arizona Capitol Times. The outcome of these discussions could have significant implications for the future of transportation and highway upgrades in Maricopa County.
The fate of Proposition 400 now lies in the hands of voters, who will decide whether to continue the half-cent sales tax that has been a cornerstone of transportation funding in Maricopa County for nearly four decades.
–Jeremy Webb